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China's Upward Slope Towards Clean Energy
26 Jun 2013 2:37 PM
As China is becoming increasingly more urban with higher consumption rates, more cars on the road, and problematic air pollution, the problem is clear.
On June 7
2013, some of the largest energy companies in the world--GE, Dupont, and Sinopec--came together in Chengdu for the purpose of discussing
the increasingly large problem in China
and the possibility of creating a sustainable energy future.
During the conference, Sinopec suggested that while energy renewables--such as solar, wind, etc.--are important, enforcing energy efficiency of greater importance. “We can cut our energy needs by two-thirds through efficiency,” says Sinopec chairman Fu Chengyu. How? Tougher environmental standards, for one, which would stop excesses of pollution, and two, encouraging foreign investment which would bring clean technology from abroad, promoting it domestically. According to Fu, “the central [Chinese] government has made the environment its top priority.”
Controversially, Minxin Pei alludes that government policies, standards, and clean-energy spending are useless unless China’s government is more open with the subject of pollution. For example, the government’s secrecy and deception have caused a failure to give timely warnings of toxic spills to the public in Beijing. There is rebellion towards this secrecy in many areas of the country’s population. Chinese journalists and NGOs are working to expose their government’s environmental scandals. And citizens, particularly the rising middle class, are becoming less tolerant of their government’s economic motto: economic growth at all cost.
For the reason of secrecy, among others, China-United States relations regarding renewable energy are somewhat troubling. There are evident trade tensions which reveal issues between the two. For example, the Committee of foreign investment in United States (CFIUS) often reject Chinese investors, and such rejection is often perceived as problematic by the Chinese. In addition, there is the issue of industry competitiveness versus combating climate change, specifically regarding implications of dumping solar panels. Cases like these occasionally promote disagreement between the United States and Chinese investors. However, on a more positive note, President Obama and President Xi have recently created a US-China joint statement towards combating climate change.
President Obama and President Xi have just announced a statement for combatting climate change that incorporates multilateral cooperation. US and China will work together to phase down the consumption and production of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)--a form of potent greenhouse gas. This plan may reduce 90 gigatons of CO
The more daunting reasons for the sudden U.S.--China statement includes the dangers presented by climate change, and the inadequacy of the global response. The measure that the US and China will now take, as agreed upon, is a Climate Change working group. The purpose of this group is to prepare for the 2013 Strategic Economic Dialogue where they will present the issues at hand and what needs to be done. In order to prepare for this presentation the measures include: taking stocks of climate change company cooperation and calculating the economic and climate potential, as well as identifying possible areas for action (both environmental and economic) through joint international and private-public partnerships. The U.S. hopes this collaboration with China will help build trust and respect through a common interest--an environmentally clean way to increase economic growth.
Along with the Obama-Xi statement towards a cleaner energy solution, President Xi JinPing's has his own reforms. Among them, his first is to reduce atmospheric pollution and increase the safety of food and water. Upon meeting with the Chinese State Council, they agreed and approved ten anti-pollution measures, which will go towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as increasing the government's investment in cleaner energies. One reason for such action, other than the increasingly harmful pollution over the last few years, is the fear that the Chinese Communist party has regarding the displeasure that the people of Beijing are feeling--they are afraid outspoken Beijing-ers will breakdown social order. For this reason, among others, president Xi JinPeng claims that China will not sacrifice the environment for economic benefits any longer.
China is well known for being the first in attracting clean energy investment, and is also becoming a global force in investing in clean energy elsewhere. They have made 124 investments in solar and wind industries in 33 host countries. The effect this investment has on China includes the fact that energy investments will increase, positively building an economy for sustainability, and furthermore having a positive impact on the climate. Yet, there are three challenges that face China in their investment endeavors. Firstly, if the host government is not strong, they will not protect the small social communities or their environments. Secondly, small and medium-sized Chinese companies will not heed environment protection in host countries, as they already do not in their home country. Finally, investment treaties and environmental agreements sometimes do not add up, which can end up being problematic for the climate and/or environment of a host country.
President Xi, within his first reform, has outlined guidelines from the Chinese Ministry of Environment Protection. On the 18
of February this year, twenty-two articles were issued to regulate all Chinese enterprises, both domestic and abroad, in their industries for the purpose of environmental protection. The reasons, and hopeful outcomes, for these sudden guidelines include: regularizing environmental protection in foreign investment and cooperation, identifying (through research or cooperation) and preventing environmental risks, promoting a positive international Chinese image, and supporting sustainable development in host/foreign countries.
As a major energy consumer, China is trying to raise the proportion of clean energy in its total mix. For example, domestically they have targeted Shale gas, a type of easily accessible natural gas. However, they have approached three obstacles:
infrastructure construction, technology barriers and water shortages. For these reasons, they have also decided to look and invest abroad.
China’s recently acquired goal is to by 2020 get 15% of energy from renewable sources, and by 2050 to get 30-45% (World Resources Institute). Therefore, China would be making clean, renewable energy resources the main domestic source for energy. Specifically, China has already begun investing in solar and wind industries for this purpose. Their interest in solar and wind is due to many different conditions--first of all, the macroeconomic conditions. The appreciation of the RMB in comparison to the USD has caused a very positive outlook on business and industries that invest in a China-U.S. relationship. In addition, the industry conditions--both domestically and internationally--promote a desire for overseas investment and trade, for example, when the manufacturing capacity exceeds domestic demand. This subject relates to the idea of local government policies “pushing” Chinese companies towards international business, and overseas government policies “pulling” these Chinese investors.
The political “pushing” of the Chinese government urges local companies to invest overseas. The reason for this is the opportunity that international business holds for China’s overall growth and its role in the global economy. Policies such as the “Go Global” strategy of 2001 raise the issue of investing overseas as a “national strategic priority,” and are linked to China’s state owned banks (World Resources Institute). Thus, local companies of all sizes are strongly motivated by the government to expand their businesses globally. Furthermore, this desire for Chinese business elsewhere is mirrored by the “pulling” of other countries for Chinese investors. The “pulling” is deliberately represented through different policies, either explicitly such as in the form of tax breaks, or implicitly in the form of bilateral agreements. The several countries that attract overseas investments offer such policies as incentives for “win-win” situations between host country and investor.
Investments of cleaner energies from China also rely on industrial markets--solar and wind power. While solar and wind industries are both forms of highly demanded renewable energies, the demands of the two markets is very different. The demand for solar energy depends very much on international sales, as it is more an industry based on trade. Wind on the other hand depends on the domestic market, and is instead a cross-border investment meaning that when the manufacturing capacity exceeds domestic demand, then the industry branches out. Such investing of solar and wind industries overseas can lead to a variety of positive outcomes, the main being: the retaining and expanding of industries and markets, the acquiring of new technologies from pacts, the acquiring of undervalued assets during financial crisis, and the creation of a demand for the exportation of certain products.
One of San Diego’s major industries happens to be clean technology. In particular, San Diego leads California in terms of overall solar generation capacity. “If San Diego were a country,” San Diego Regional says, “it would rank among the top 25 nations in the world in terms of solar capacity.” This, along with the fact that China is currently the world’s number one clean energy manufacturing nation, could promote trade relations between China and San Diego.
Just a few days ago, Chinese consul general Yuan Nansheng and California Governor Jerry Brown met on Tuesday June 11
for the purpose of discussing clean energy, consequentially also forming bilateral trade cooperation. California is the biggest exporter to China in the United States. As a result of their meeting, the two authorities hope to bring more investment from China to California for cooperation on clean energy, and clean technology, among other areas. One example of this relationship already in progress is the reopening of the Shanghai trade office. This is the beginning of the U.S. and China working together to develop and promote new, cleaner technologies.
The Dividend Daily.
GE Committed to Investing in Clean Energy Projects in China.
Immelt: GE to ‘double down’ on Clean Energy in China.
China’s Environment: An Economic Death Sentence.
Ministry of Commerce People’s Republic of China.
Notification of the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of Environmental Protection on Issuing the Guidelines for Environmental Protection in Foreign Investment and Cooperation.
China Invests Billions in International Renewable Energy Projects.
People’s Daily Online.
China Steps Up Search For Gas.
Why is China Investing So Much In U.S. Solar and Wind?
The White House.
United States and China Agree to Work Together on Phase Down of HFCs.
U.S. Department of State.
Joint U.S.-China Statement on Climate Change.
China Daily USA.
Brown and Chinese consul talk clean energy and IT.
Clean Energy Expo China (CEEC) 2013
Biz Trade Shows.
Clean Energy Expo China.
Clean Energy Expo China
World Resources Institute.
China’s Overseas Investments in the Wind and Solar Industries: Trends and Drivers.
San Diego Regional.
Sunshine Coast Daily.
China orders its industries to cut pollution
12 Oct 2013 12:59 AM
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14 Nov 2013 5:51 AM
Game-worn Autographed Air Jordan 12 FLU GAME up for Auction
Michael Jordan’s pair of autographed Air Jordan 12 Flu Games is up for auction at Grey Flannel Auctions, and I don’t just mean an autographed pair. HIS autographed pair. Yes, the ones he actually wore on June 11, 1997, in Game 5 of the
You surely know the legend by now; Michael Jordan, suffering from a bout of food poisoning that caused his trainer and doctors to recommend he sit-out the game, powered through and poured in one of the great NBA Finals performances, dropping 38 points en route to a two-point Bulls victory despite being so weak that Scottie Pippen had to literally hold him upright at one point.
What you may not know, is that Preston Truman, despite being a Jazz ballboy, was essentially MJ’s righthand man for the series, assisting him at every turn behind the scenes, and otherwise just endearing himself to the Bulls superstar. Once the game was over, Jordan rewarded Truman with the shoes he had worn — a black-and-red pair of Air Jordan 12s — even autographing them on camera, providing Truman with a sort of ersatz certificate of authenticity.
You can read the whole story on Truman and that game here at the Salt Lake Tribune’s website — it’s well worth a few minutes of your time — but moreover, you can bid on the autographed, game-worn shoes come November 18 at
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Sort of out of left field, we have a couple of Nike Air Max 180 release dates to announce for November. I guess that’s why they call them Quickstrikes.
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Herve Leger Dresses at World Luxury Fashion Week
I’ve blogged about my outfit and the fashion week experience but the Herve Leger Dresses collection featured last night deserves its own blog post.
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15 Nov 2013 5:33 PM
Sun coverage More Sun <a href="
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